The project Bio-mapping of the Past Animal and Vegetation from the Romanian Prehistory (BioMapPrehist) proposes a new approach regarding Romanian Prehistory (c. 40000-650 cal.BC) from the bioarchaeological perspective, based on an interdisciplinary integration of the zooarchaeological and archaeobotanical data available. The main motivation of the project is the absence from Romania of the large integrated databases regarding past fauna (e.g. molluscs, fish bones, reptiles, birds, mammals) and vegetation (e.g. seeds, charcoal, pollen) discovered in archaeological contexts, an indispensable tool in modern research. In these circumstances, we will try to realize a complex integrated analysis of the interaction between society, environment, and biodiversity in the Late Pleistocene and Holocene on the Romanian actual territory. This chronological range was a critical period in the evolution of humanity, which gradually turned from hunter-gatherer communities into farmers-breeders communities. The target period begins with the Upper Paleolithic period, continues with Mesolithic, Neolithic, Eneolithic, Bronze Age, and it ends with the First Iron Age (Hallstatt). The project is designed to provide a higher-resolution picture of the faunal and vegetal evolution for a more than 40000 years, in correlation with human communities from the target area, and their food preferences, environmental resources management, and particular adaptive strategies.